FIRST DEFEAT AND EXILE
In 1814, the Napoleonic Wars were coming to an end.
The Armies of the Coalition (Austria, Russia, Spain, and United Kingdom)
were marching to Paris.
Napoleon was forced to abdicate.
He was exiled to the island of Elba, off the Tuscany coast.
Instead of being treated like a prisoner,
Napoleon was allowed to have control over the island
and even keep a small army.
He escaped on February 26th 1815,
and made a triumphant return to France.
Napoleon ruled for 100 days and assembled an army;
the Seventh Coalition was formed against him.
They met on the battlefield in Belgium at Waterloo,
where Napoleon was finally defeated
on June 18, 1815.
This time England sent him to the remote island of St. Helena,
where he was under the constant watch of British guards.
He arrived on October 15, 1815.